The Wakhan Conservation Landscape initiative is a coordinated approach to conservation and sustainable development in the Pamir region of Afghanistan, China, Pakistan, and Tajikistan. This proposed conservation landscape is an important trans-Himalayan region comprised of arid and semi-arid ecosystems. The landscape is dominated by alpine pasturelands inhabited by pastoralist communities including the semi-nomadic Wahki people. It is also home to many interesting flora and fauna of global importance such as the great Marco Polo sheep and the snow leopard. There are many protected areas in this landscape, including the Khujerab National Park and the Central Karakoram National Park in Pakistan, the Taxkorgan Nature Reserve in China, the Zorkhul Strictly Protected area in Tajikistan, and the Big Pamir Wildlife Reserve in Afghanistan. These protected areas are currently managed in isolation as ‘conservation islands’ without connectivity for the free movement of species, which is important for long-term survival.
Presence of well known glaciate peaks, high altitude wetlands and pastures together with indigenous knowledge of local people reflect on the high cultural services. Biodiversity resource provide to local peoples’ livelihoods who are basically associated with mountain farming and animal husbandry; Ice masses and seasonal snowfall are source of water for irrigation, water mills and small scale Hydro-power plants.