The Wakhan Conservation Landscape initiative is a coordinated approach to conservation and sustainable development in the Pamir region of Afghanistan, China, Pakistan, and Tajikistan. This proposed conservation landscape is an important trans-Himalayan region comprised of arid and semi-arid ecosystems. The landscape is dominated by alpine pasturelands inhabited by pastoralist communities including the semi-nomadic Wahki people. It is also home to many interesting flora and fauna of global importance such as the great Marco Polo sheep and the snow leopard. There are many protected areas in this landscape, including the Khujerab National Park and the Central Karakoram National Park in Pakistan, the Taxkorgan Nature Reserve in China, the Zorkhul Strictly Protected area in Tajikistan, and the Big Pamir Wildlife Reserve in Afghanistan. These protected areas are currently managed in isolation as ‘conservation islands’ without connectivity for the free movement of species, which is important for long-term survival.

Region: Pamir
Country: Afghanistan, China, Pakistan, and Tajikistan
Latitude: Min:34.991273 Max:38.393949
Longitude: Min: 72.269828 Max: 76.439639
Total Area: N/A


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Base Layers
Other Layers
  • Important Bird Areas
  • Protected Area
  • Corridor
  • Ecology
  • Globe Land Cover
  • Landscape
  • HKH Boundary

Protected Areas:

Protected Area NameIUCNCategoryType
Zorkhul Strict Protection Areas Strict Nature Reserve
Big Pamir Wildlife Reserve Wildlife Reserve

Corridor Areas:


Ecosystem Services:

Presence of well known glaciate peaks, high altitude wetlands and pastures together with indigenous knowledge of local people reflect on the high cultural services. Biodiversity resource provide to local peoples’ livelihoods who are basically associated with mountain farming and animal husbandry; Ice masses and seasonal snowfall are source of water for irrigation, water mills and small scale Hydro-power plants.



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