Changthang National Protected Area

Changtang Nature Reserve was declared as nature reserve in April 2000. The reserve is the largest nature reserve in northern Tibet Autonomous Region and covers an area of 29.80 million hectares. "Changtang," as the name indicates in the Tibetan language, particularly refers to the northern Tibet Plateau at an average altitude of above 5,000m which is also known as "the Roof of the Roof of the World", in which "Roof of the World" is the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Featuring with lofty snow-capped mountains and glaciers, various types of lakes and wetlands, the reserve is a paradise for a unique assemblage of wildlife, several species of which are endangered and endemic to the Tibetan plateau—such as the Tibetan gazelle, kiang, wild yak, wolf, snow leopard, and the Tibetan antelope, or chiru.

General Information:

Landscape: Kailash Protected Area Type: Strict Nature Reserve
Established Year: 1993 Area: 298000 sq. km.

Geographical Features:

Min: 35.16 Max:
Min: 88 Max:
From: 4300 meter To: 5100 meter
Average rainfall (m): less than 200 mm
Climate: Alpine

Biodiversity Features:

Province: High Himalaya
Biomes: Eurasian high mountain biome
Vegetation: The vegetation is open shrubland and grasslands mainly dominated by Stipa spp and Kobressia spp.

Socioeconomic Features:

Community Structure:
EthnicGroup: The major ethnic group of the area is tibetans following the Buddhism and Bon faith.
Natural Heritage:
Cultural Significance:
Livelihood strategies: The major occupations of the people are Agriculture, Animal husbandary and rearing along with the transportation, small business.

Conservation Management:

IUCN Category: VI - Managed Resource Protected Area
Area containing predominantly unmodified natural systems, managed to ensure long term protection and maintenance of biological diversity, while providing at the same time a sustainable flow of natural products and services to meet community needs.
Management Authority:
Park Head Quarter:
Conservation History: The Changthang Protected Area, with an area of 298,000 km2 covering part of Burang County, was established in 1993 and upgraded in 2000 as a national protected area
Conservation Challenges: Over grazing, rapid growth of productivity and population has become serious threat for conservation. Exclosure grazing and rotational grazing is being practised for rangeland management.
Conservation Efforts:
Transboundary Features:
Base Layers
Other Layers
  • Important Bird Areas
  • Protected Area
  • Corridor
  • Ecology
  • Globe Land Cover
  • Landscape
  • HKH Boundary