Manasarovar Wetland Natural Reserve

General Information:

Landscape: Kailash Protected Area Type: Protected Wetland
Established Year: 2008 Area: 975 sq. km.

Geographical Features:

Min: 30.46 Max:
Min: 81.66 Max:
From: 4550 meter To: 4700 meter
Average rainfall (m): less than 200mm
Climate: Alpine

Biodiversity Features:

Province: High Himalaya
Biomes: Eurasian high mountain biome
Vegetation: The vegetation is open shrubland and grasslands mainly dominated by Stipa spp and Kobressia spp.

Socioeconomic Features:

Community Structure:
EthnicGroup: The major ethnic group of the area is tibetans following the Buddhism and Bon faith.
Natural Heritage: Lake Manasarovar and Rakshas tal
Cultural Significance: Lake Manasarovar is a place of pilgrimage attracting religious people from India, Nepal, Tibet and the neighboring countries. Bathing in Manasarovar and drinking its water is believed to cleanse all sins. Pilgrimage tours are organized regularly, especially from India, the most famous of which is the Kailash Manasarovar Yatra which takes place every year. Pilgrims come to take ceremonial baths in the cleansing waters of the lake.
Livelihood strategies: The major occupations of the people are Agriculture, Animal husbandary and rearing along with the transportation, small business.

Conservation Management:

IUCN Category:
Management Authority:
Park Head Quarter:
Conservation History:
Conservation Challenges: Wildlife hunting, stealing of bird eggs, and grassland degradation as well as deposition of garbages and litters by pilgrims which threat the ecosystem are major conservation challenges.
Conservation Efforts:
Transboundary Features:
Base Layers
Other Layers
  • Important Bird Areas
  • Protected Area
  • Corridor
  • Ecology
  • Globe Land Cover
  • Landscape
  • HKH Boundary