Rara National Park

Rara National Park lies in Mugu and Jumla districts in the mid-western Himalaya, about 371 km by air west-north-west of Kathmandu, the capital city. The southern border is about 24 km north of Jumla.It was gazetted in 1976 with an area of 106 sq. km. This is the smallest Park in Nepal, containing the country’s biggest lake (10.8 sq. kms) and scenically the most beautiful lake at an elevation of 2999m. The Park is rich in coniferous forest and was established to protect Rara Lake which is an important staging point for migratory birds, and to conserve representative flora and fauna of the central Himalaya. The Park flora consists of 1074 species, of which, 16 are endemic to Nepal, 51 species of mammals, 214 species of birds. The lake has a rich invertebrate fauna, like Snow trout Schizothorax hodgsoni and Schizothorax progastus, only occur in Nepal.

General Information:

Landscape: Kailash Protected Area Type: National Park
Established Year: 1976 Area: 106 sq. km.

Geographical Features:

Min: 29.43 Max: 29.56
Min: 82 Max: 82.16
From: 2754 meter To: 4097 meter
Average rainfall (m): 462mm
Climate: Temperate -Subalpine; temperature:27°c upto -4°c.

Biodiversity Features:

Province: Main Himalayas
Biomes: High mountains
Vegetation: The park consist of coniferous forest.Blue pine (Pinus wallichiana)is predominant below 3,150m, particularly around the lake where it may be mixed with oak (Quercus semecarpifolia), rhododendron (Rhododendron arboreum), juniper (Juniperus indica) and spruce( Picea smithiana). Pine forest becomes increasingly mixed with spruce and fir, Abies spectabilis at higher altitudes on the northern slopes of Chuchamara. Above 3,350m fir is the dominant conifer, while oak and birch Betula utilis are relatively more plentiful and juniper persists as a shrub. Above 3,660m fir gives way to birch-rhododendron scrub and a narrow belt of dwarf rhododendron, which fringes the alpine grassland.

Socioeconomic Features:

Community Structure:
Natural Heritage: Rara Lake or mahendra Tal, the largest lake of Nepal.
Cultural Significance:
Livelihood strategies:

Conservation Management:

IUCN Category: II - National Park
Natural area of land and/or sea, designated to (a) protect the ecological integrity of one or more ecosystems for present and future generations, (b) exclude exploitation or occupation inimical to the purposes of designation of the area and (c) provide a foundation for spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational and visitor opportunities, all of which must be environmentally and culturally compatible.
Management Authority:
Park Head Quarter:
Conservation History: The "Lake Rara National Park Management Plan" was developed in 1976 by Bolton. The National Park and Wildlife Conservation Act 2029 and Himalayan National Park Regulation 2036 provide legal basis for the conservation of flora and fauna.
Conservation Challenges: Illegal hunting of the musk deer
Conservation Efforts:
Transboundary Features:
Base Layers
Other Layers
  • Important Bird Areas
  • Protected Area
  • Corridor
  • Ecology
  • Globe Land Cover
  • Landscape
  • HKH Boundary