Hukaung Valley Wildlife Sanctuary

Hukaung Valley Wildlife Sanctuary lies near Tanai in Myitkyina district of Kanchin state of Northern Myanmar, boardering India. It comprises a large lowland plain and the foothills of the Patkai and Kumon mountain ranges to the northwest and southeast. With an area of 21890 sq km, it is also considerd as the world’s largest tiger reserve. Chindwin river, one of the largest river of Myanmar originates from this valley. The lowland areas of the valley is covered by tropical broadleaved forest and grasslands, hill slopes by broadleaved forest and high ridges and peaks by temperate broadleaved and coniferous forests or shrubs. The flora comprises of about 7000 species of plants, very rich in rattans and bamboo species. Hukaung valley is renowned for the tigers and is specially designated for their protection and conservation. The sanctuary also conserves Asian elephant, clouded leopard, samber, wild boar, muntjac, gaur, macaque, otter etc. It is the best place to see several species of birds including the globally threatened species and critically endangered species like Rufous-necked Hornbill.

General Information:

Landscape: Brahmaputra-Salween Protected Area Type: Wildlife Sanctuary
Established Year: 2004 Area: 21890 sq. km.

Geographical Features:

Min: 26.28 Max:
Min: 97.68 Max:
From: 150 meter To: 1200 meter
Average rainfall (m): N/A

Biodiversity Features:

Biomes: Indochinese tropical moist forest
Vegetation: lowland areas Tropical broadleaved forest and grasslands; hill slopes Broadleaved forest; high ridges and peaks temberate broadleaved and coniferous forests or shrubs

Socioeconomic Features:

Community Structure:
EthnicGroup: About 10000 peoples of ethnic group like Kachins, Nagas and Lisus
Natural Heritage:
Cultural Significance:
Livelihood strategies: The people mainly depends upon the agriculture especially rice, sugarcane, tapioca, goldmining, collection of NTFPs, hunting

Conservation Management:

IUCN Category: III - Natural Monument
Area containing one, or more, specific natural or natural/cultural feature which is of outstanding or unique value because of its inherent rarity, representative or aesthetic qualities or cultural significance.
Management Authority:
Park Head Quarter:
Conservation History: The Government of myanmar set up the reserve in 2001, tripled the size of reserve in 2004 to 21890, as the world' largest tiger reserve.
Conservation Challenges: Poaching, habitat loss, Gold mining, Conflict with farming communities
Conservation Efforts:
Transboundary Features:
Base Layers
Other Layers
  • Important Bird Areas
  • Protected Area
  • Corridor
  • Ecology
  • Globe Land Cover
  • Landscape
  • HKH Boundary