Namphada National Park

Namdapha National Park is located at Changlang District in Arunachal Pradesh of Northeastern India. The park is one of the largest protected areas in India covering altitudinal range of 200-4571m and an area of 1985 sq. km. The park enjoys a dual staus of a national park and a tiger reserve. The park is easily accessible through a 150 km road from Miao, the nearest town; and the local people are totally dependent on the resources of the park for their livelihoods. The Namdapha National Park is a species-rich protected area consisting of tropical, subtropical, temperate and alpine formations with immense floral and faunal diversity. Tropical wet evergreen forests occur in the lower reaches and alpine vegetation higher up, near Daphabum. The lowland tropical evergreen forest is perhaps the largest Dipterocarpus forest in the region. Dipterocarpus macrocarpus (hollong) dominated well-drained areas and Shorea assamica (mekai), an endemic and locally threatened species. However, the virgin forests are contnuously being degraded to cater for human settlement and agricultural need.

General Information:

Landscape: Brahmaputra-Salween Protected Area Type: National Park
Established Year: 1983 Area: 1985 sq. km.

Geographical Features:

Country:
District(s):
Latitude:
Min: 27.38 Max: 27.65
Longitude:
Min: 96.25055556 Max: 96.97583333
Altitude:
From: meter To: meter
Average rainfall (m): N/A
Climate: Temperature: 5-37°C and Average humidity: 47-93%

Biodiversity Features:

Province: Himalaya and highlands
Biomes: Mixed mountain system
Vegetation: The vegetation of the park can be broadly categorised into into tropical forests, sub-tropical forests, temperate forests, sub-alpine and alpine forests. The lowland tropical evergreen forests of Namdapha are perhaps the largest remaining Dipterocarpus forests in the whole of India. Further based upon the various secondary sources,Forest could be divided into these following types: sub-tropical evergreen forest, temperate broad leaved forest, Abandoned Jhum Forest, Tropical evergreen forest, Tropical semievergreen forest, Degraded forest, Bamboo forest, Temperate coniferous forest, Holong forest, Hollock forest, Riverbank side forest, Pine forest, Fir forest, Sub-alpine forest, Rhododendron forest, Alpine grassland and Scrub.


Socioeconomic Features:

Community Structure:
EthnicGroup: The traditional societies living around the Namdapha National Park can be divided into three well-defined groups: (a) groups known to be living in the area from time immemorial (Singhphos, Tangsas and Tutsas), (b) groups known to have migrated over the last few centuries (Lisus, Nochtes and Oeories) and (c) groups of refugees known to be resettled (Tibetans, Chakmas and Hajongs)
Natural Heritage:
Cultural Significance:
Livelihood strategies: Agriculture mainly shifting cultivation, Livestock, Fishing, Hunting, Mining, Household industries, trade and Daily wages


Conservation Management:

IUCN Category: II - National Park
Natural area of land and/or sea, designated to (a) protect the ecological integrity of one or more ecosystems for present and future generations, (b) exclude exploitation or occupation inimical to the purposes of designation of the area and (c) provide a foundation for spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational and visitor opportunities, all of which must be environmentally and culturally compatible.
Management Authority:
Park Head Quarter:
Conservation History:
Conservation Challenges: Habitat destuction and fragmentation as a result of agricultural expansion, shifting cultivation, logging, development projects, hunting and poaching for food
Conservation Efforts:
Transboundary Features: Immigration of people from neighbouring country Myanmar, adding demographic pressure to the park
Base Layers
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Other Layers
  • Important Bird Areas
  • Protected Area
  • Corridor
  • Ecology
  • Globe Land Cover
  • Landscape
  • HKH Boundary