Toorsa Strict Nature Reserve

The Toorsa Strict Nature Reserve lies mostly in Haa dzongkhag with a very small area spreading south into Samtse dzongkhag in western Bhutan. This reserve covers an area of 650 sq. km and is the only reserve in Bhutan without human settlements. It protects the western most variant of central temperate forests in the country ranging from broadleaf forests to alpine parks and includes the small lake of Sinchulunga. Being virtually uninhabited, the Reserve has one of the most pristine temperate forests and alpine vegetation in the entire Himalayas. The Reserve is also a security area near the Chinese border.

General Information:

Landscape: Kangchenjunga Protected Area Type: Strict Nature Reserve
Established Year: 1993 Area: 651 sq. km.

Geographical Features:

Country: Bhutan
District(s): Haa and Samte
Min: 27.20262091364 Max: 27.57339287405
Min: 88.90774568416 Max: 89.16694587731
From: 2300 meter To: 6500 meter
Average rainfall (m): N/A

Biodiversity Features:

Province: Himalayan Highlands
Biomes: Mixed mountain System
Vegetation: Forest types include Alpine meadow, Scarcely vegetated rocks, Alpine scrublands, Sub-alpine pine forest, Sub-alpine Rhododendron forest, Fir-hemlock-Oak mixed forest. Has four broadleaf patches and the average size is 18km2. It consists of subtropical, warm broadleaf and cool broadleaf forests. The subtropical species are Bombax ceiba, Tetrameles nidifora, Erythrina sp, Albizzia sp and others. There are some 40 conifer patches represented by pinus wallichiana, Tsuga dumosa and Abies densa.

Socioeconomic Features:

Community Structure: Uninhabited
Natural Heritage:
Cultural Significance:
Livelihood strategies:

Conservation Management:

IUCN Category: Ia - Strict Nature Reserve
Area of land and/or sea possessing some outstanding or representative ecosystems, geological or physiological features and/or species, available primarily for scientific research and/or environmental monitoring.
Management Authority:
Park Head Quarter:
Conservation History:
Conservation Challenges:
Conservation Efforts: designated as a strict nature, has pristine temperate forests and no human habitation
Transboundary Features:
Base Layers
Other Layers
  • Important Bird Areas
  • Protected Area
  • Corridor
  • Ecology
  • Globe Land Cover
  • Landscape
  • HKH Boundary