Hkakborazi National Park

Hkakborazi National Park lies in Naungmung township of Kanchin State, north Myanmar, earlier it was a Nature Reserve. The Park is bordered by Seinghku Wang

General Information:

Landscape: Brahmaputra-Salween Protected Area Type: National Park
Established Year: 1996 Area: 3812 sq. km.

Geographical Features:

Country:
District(s):
Latitude:
Min: 28.08 Max:
Longitude:
Min: 97.73 Max:
Altitude:
From: 1400 meter To: 6000 meter
Average rainfall (m): 39 in
Climate: Nov-Feb:Winter; March-Cool temperate climate. May:Summer; June-october:Rainy. Temperature-3-35°c

Biodiversity Features:

Province:
Biomes: Eurasian High Montane, As07:Sino-Himalayan temperate forest
Vegetation: The park supports a combination of vegetation types from dense tropical lowland jungle, through subtropical hill forest and temperate rainforest to high altitude alpine meadows. The vegetation zone are further classified into four types. Vegetation I: Ranging from Putao(409 m) to Pangnamdim (1,140 m)-This zone is characterized by dense evergreen tropical vegetation grading into subtropical forest. less than 600m, the forest is tropical dominated by Mesua ferrea, Stereospermum personatum, Terminalia myriocarpa, Dipterocarpus alatus, Dipterocarpus turbinata, Ficus elastica, Ficus benjamina, Nephelium (rambutan), Garcinia (mangosteen) etc.Lianas, climbers and epiphytic aroids, ferns and orchids are abundant. Chirita, Begonia and various ferns are common in damp, dark patches on the forest floor. Above 600m the forest gradully changes to subtropical forest dominated by the Cinnamomum, Litsaea, Castanopsis tribuloides, Lithocarpus pachyphylla, Quercus lanuginosum, Sarauia, Litsea, Magnolia, Michelia, Ilex, Rhododendron, Illicium, Persea, Engelhardia, Tetracentron etc. Vegetation Zone II: Pangnamdim (1,140 m) to Mading (2,000 m):this zone is a curious mix of subtropical forest in the valleys and temperate forest with pines appearing sporadically on higher ridges. species of Pinus, Acer, Aesculus, carpinus, Alnus, Gaultheria etc are found. Vegetation Zone III: Mading (2,000 m) to above Sahti Htu (2,380 m):This zone is characterized by mixed temperate forest, where trees are thickly padded with moss and temperate climbers including Clematis and Polygonum. The temperate genera includes Acer, Tilia, Juglans, Alnus, Betula, Taxus, Larix, Rhododendron, Decaisnea, Torricellia, Ilex, Salix, Litsea, Viburnum, Pieris, Pyrus, Prunus, Hydrangea, Photinia, Berberis, Daphne, Daphiniphyllum, Cotoneaster, Euonymous, Sorbus etc. Vegetation Zone IV: Zalahtu and above (3,500 m): This zone is recognizable by its precipitous ridges with sporadic patches of silver fir (Abies fargesii)-Rhododendron forest and broad, steep alpine meadows, many still covered in snow during May. Higher ridges are covered with turf and scree. Smaller species of Rhododendron are found with Vaccinium and Corylopsis near stream banks, whilst meadows are carpeted with grasses and early spring-blooming alpine flowers including: Cassiope, Potentilla, Meconopsis, Paris, Primula, Bergenia, Omphalogramma, Daipensia, Iris, Cardamine, Gentianella, Anemone, Maianthemum, Selinum, Ranunculus, Picrorhizza, Fritillaria, Arisaema, Saxifraga, Gentiana, Androsace, Pedicularis and Mandragora.


Socioeconomic Features:

Community Structure:
EthnicGroup: Rawang, Htarong(About 1m short people), lisu and Myanmar-Tibet ethnic
Natural Heritage:
Cultural Significance:
Livelihood strategies: The people mainly depends on agriculture mainly slash and burn agriculture, collection of medicinal plants and their trade, hunting and trade of wildlife and their parts to the borders


Conservation Management:

IUCN Category: II - National Park
Natural area of land and/or sea, designated to (a) protect the ecological integrity of one or more ecosystems for present and future generations, (b) exclude exploitation or occupation inimical to the purposes of designation of the area and (c) provide a foundation for spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational and visitor opportunities, all of which must be environmentally and culturally compatible.
Management Authority:
Park Head Quarter:
Conservation History: In January 30, 1996 it was established as a Natural Reserve and as a National Park in November 10,1998
Conservation Challenges: Habitat loss due to logging and Slash and burn Agriculture, Cross boundary trade in medicinal plants and wildlifes and their parts
Conservation Efforts:
Transboundary Features: Trade of wildlifes and their parts as well as medicinal parts across the chinese border
Base Layers
Street
Satellite
Relief
Other Layers
  • Important Bird Areas
  • Protected Area
  • Corridor
  • Ecology
  • Globe Land Cover
  • Landscape
  • HKH Boundary